Some sheep herding continues in the shadow of the Zagros. Here mining resources have relatively direct access to world transportation hubs. The city of Isfahan seems about a century away from the villages in the foothills. Isfahan is a north—south and east—west hub crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest cities in the world.
At the north corner, the Grand Bazaar swallows up masses of shoppers. Oh, and the sun and its light shows in the sky overhead are a constant reminder of the intimate reverence for our planet's life that Persian artisans and clerics celebrate with the citizens of the city. They did not settle down anywhere or in any city without examining the water and the soil of each place. They did all along until they reached the city of Isfahan. There they rested, examined the water and soil and found that both resembled Jerusalem.
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Upon they settled there, cultivated the soil, raised children and grandchildren, and today the name of this settlement is Yahudia. Shrine Lotfollah.
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When I arrived in late September , the river running through the city was dry. But of course there also was traffic, lots of it. The mosque was rebuilt and repaired in the s under the tutelage of Reza Shah Pahlavi. It has been opened to the public. Featured Posts. Half of the World: Isfahan. March 2, Silk Road.
Recent Posts. A Mennonite and a Quaker. June 24, The Maritimes, home of Joshua Slocum 1. May 29, May 6, Solo Around the World, Josh! April 29, April 19, Jeb Ed the Not-so-Amish Amishman. April 5, March 29, Final Journey: Old and Young. March 21, Final Journey: Is Anything Real? February 19, According to the book, Median History, by Dyakonoff, the Median had united different tribes under the command of a person named Hana Sirouka whose seat was in Sag Bito Castle in Abhar Chai Valley, or a bit to the south in the mountainous region in the Southwestern of Qazvin.
As a result of the invasion of the Ashurs in this region there happened a battle between them and the Medians which resulted in kills from the Median troops and the destruction of residential buildings including the Sag Bito Castle. But Medians did not surrendered and when the Ashur army was returning, the Median troops blocked their way in a mountainous region between Qazvin and Hamadan.
Dyakonoff, ,p. Therefore, the present Qazvin territory, and its dependent parts, in the center of Median Territory used to play an important role regarding communication and economy. The residents of this territory, especially the valiant warriors of the mountainous regions of the southern part of Alborz, to Rudbar and Qazvin, played an important role, regarding military forces, during Achaemenid Empire and they have been mentioned as the bravest soldiers of Iran.
The free-spirited troops of these mountainous regions in the northern part of Qazvin and the southern parts of the Alborz Mountain Chain, during the invasion of Alexander, just like the residents of the northeastern parts of Iran and the ethnic groups of Caucasus and the coasts of the Caspian Sea, did not accept the dominance of Alexander and strongly and steadfastly resisted the Greek aggressors.
Generally speaking it should be said that Qazvin territory was never occupied by Alexander and the Macedonians. When the Arsacid Empire came to power these regions formed part of theEmpire.
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In Sassanid Period, in spite of the full dominance of the central government, in Deylam District the northern part of Qazvin there happened some unrest and violations and it is believed that the cause of the foundation of Qazvin in Shapur Period was to use the city as a base to confront the Deylams attacks and rebellions. Being the capital of the country for about 50 years, gave it Qazvin more credit. It is placed along the road which goes from Tehran to Tabriz, and has a population of There is a congregational mosque whose building dates back to Harun al-Rashid Period…and there are some old buildings that are being ruined.
There is a big square around which is covered with tall and leafy trees. It has flourishing markets and business.
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The great bazaars around the city show how large it has been in the past. There are many tombs of famous people of the city in its vast cemetery. It has delicious grapes. There are good fruits and pistachios in its orchards and gardens. And since it is located in an intersection, from the west to Azerbaijan and Ottoman Empire and from the east to Shirvan and India and from the south to Fars and from the north to Caspian Sea, it has an important commercial position. The people are generally wealthy and brave.
It has a quickly changing climate, because of its situation and height from the sea level. Since water is deficient, people use the water from cellar reservoirs and there are big reservoirs in the city. In Qazvin plenty of silk textiles and carpets are produced and canvas is also woven from cotton. There is no other city between Hamadan and Qazvin. These three roads were considered as usual roads and there was another road for the mounted messenger courier from Tehran to Mianjoob and from Mianjoob to Songhor Abad and then to Qazvin. Examining the travelogues of the travelers, explorers and merchants who have described the social and the geographical conditions of Iran, provide valuable and useful information about the past of Qazvin:.
He introduced Iran as consisting of eight states the first of which was Qazvin as the border of Iran, but it does not have exact conformity with the situation of the boundaries of Iran during Ilkhanate. The first state beginning the border of Iran is called Qazvin.
Most of the houses here had begun to ruin. In the past it had more houses than any other cities around here except Samarkand and Tabriz. A heavy snow had fallen and the roads were blocked and the people were busy opening the roads…We slept in Qazvin Tuesday night and stayed there until Friday, because the roads were all blocked. The people were very hospitable and provided us with everything we needed.
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It is customary in this fascinating country to provide accommodations for the ambassadors who are going to visit Timur or are returning from his visit. The ambassadors can stay for three days wherever they wish and the relatives of His Majesty may stay for nine days wherever they wish and the central society of the town is responsible for all the expenses…The snow was so heavy that in some places we were not able to recognize the villages or towns at first sight. He wrote in his travelogue:.
I told him I was coming from London, the capital of England, to sign a treaty for the merchants and the people of my country, so that they could enter Iran and I also wanted to have commercial relationships with Iran…While I was in Qazvin, some Indian merchants came to me to negotiate about the spice trade. He has described the ethics, habits and the wealth of Iranians as:. Most families own camels and the decorations on their camels are interesting and spectacular. Iran consists of 52 cities the most important of which is the capital, Tabriz, not to mention Qazvin, Khorasan, Nakhjavan and Shamakhi and other cities.
They visited Shah Abbas I in Qazvin, the capital of Iran, on June, 19th, , and the historians believe that this visit was the beginning of the political influence of England in Iran, regarding the official relationships. They mentioned the glory and historical aspect of Qazvin in their travelogue as:. The other night all shopkeepers had arranged their goods in an interesting way…In the middle of this bazaar a platform has been built with six pillars, on which the goods and decorative stuffs are laid for sale.
He believed Qazvin was an ugly city, opposite to what other travelers had described:. This city was the capital of Iran before Shah Abbas hated it and it is said that the reason for his hatred was the prediction of an astrologer regarding his death in the city or the problems and difficulties he may face here in future. The city has no walls and its inhabitants are mainly merchants and traders, just like any other inhabitants of the cities which are located near the roads.
The shops are full of variety of goods, clothes, foods, etc. The thing that caught my attention in Qazvin was the Royal Gate which was located in a vast square. This gate had no paint or golden decorations but its sheer majesty was noticeable and behind it there was a high vestibule in which the guards were on duty.
And then there is a vast and beautiful yard covered with plane trees and those who wait in the mornings for Shah king to exit stand under their shade…The second thing that caught my attention in Qazvin was a vast square far away from the palace and near bazaar. Although it is not so beautiful as the square in Isfahan, it has the same length and its width is one third of its length. The reason for its vastness is that it is used as polo field and the goals are one up and the other down the square.
According to the researchers, along the Silk Roads, along with goods and cultural exchanges, there was also religious propagation. As Della Valle states:. This priest had come from India and was leaving for Rome. In the mountains between Qazvin and Isfahan, there are many brooks carrying a lot of fresh water from the mountain peaks to the depth of the valleys. The main river from Isfahan to Qazvin is on the right side of the road…Natanz is located in this valley between Qazvin and Isfahan.
He describes Qazvin in his thin travelogue as:.
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